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There are 10 key constructs that intersect with the 4 pathways in some form or fashion. These key constructs that have been identified by both the School and ACPE:

  1. Problem-solving: the participant identifies problems; explores and prioritizes potential strategies; and designs, implements, and evaluates viable solutions
  2. Education: the participant educates or informs a chosen audience by determining the most effective and enduring way to impart information and assess what has been learned.
  3. Patient advocacy: the participant represents the patient’s best interests through intentional activism, promotion, or sponsorship.
  4. Inter-professional collaboration: the participant actively engages as a viable member of a healthcare team by demonstrating sound communication, collaboration, mutual respect, understanding, and values to meet programming or patient care needs
  5. Cultural awareness and responsiveness: the participant develops a culturally appropriate skill set (e.g., knowledge, dispositions, etc.) that allows the participant to work seamlessly with diverse individuals and/or teams
  6. Communication: the participant effectively communicates verbally and/or non-verbally when interacting with individuals, groups, and organizations
  7. Self-awareness: the participant self-examines and self-reflects on personal knowledge, perspectives, lived experiences, skills, abilities, beliefs, biases, motivation, and emotions that could enhance or limit personal and professional growth
  8. Leadership: the participant demonstrates responsibility for creating and achieving shared goals, regardless of position
  9. Innovation: the participant engages in innovative activities and creative thinking to envision and enact better ways of accomplishing goals or objectives
  10. Professionalism: the participant exhibits behaviors and values that are consistent with the trust given to the profession by patients, other healthcare providers, and society